Acidity - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Remedies

A digestive disease in which stomach acid or bile irritates the food pipe lining. This is a chronic disease that occurs when stomach acid or bile flows into the food pipe and irritates the lining. Read on for full details.

Dr. Samrat Jankar Created on 22nd Feb, 21

What is Acidity?

The food you eat passes via your food pipe, also known as the oesophagus, and into your stomach. Acid protects the gastric glands in your stomach, which are necessary for food digestion.

A burning sensation under your breastbone occurs when your gastric glands produce too much acid for the digestive process. This is referred to as acidity.


Heartburn, which you can feel in your lower chest area, is a sign of acidity. When your stomach acid backs up into your food pipe, it causes this ailment.


While most people experience discomfort, they are unaware that their bad lifestyle choices are the cause of their acidity problem.


Acidity is often confused with other chest-related issues that can be dangerous. You must consult your gastroenterologist if your acidity symptoms are persistent even after taking medicines.


Acidity- Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Remedies

Causes of Acidity

Some of the factors that cause acidity include:


Unhealthy eating habits

  • Skipping meals or eating at different times
  • Sleeping immediately after eating
  • Eating too much
  • Spicy food
  • Consuming too much table salt
  • Diet low in fiber
  • Excessive consumption of some food
  • Drinks such as coffee, tea, carbonated and soft drinks
  • Eating extremely spicy food
  • Fat containing food like pizza, doughnuts, and fried food

Side-effects of Medications

  • Acidity could also be a side effect of medicines such as:
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines
  • High blood pressure medications
  • Antibiotics
  • Depression medication
  • Stomach disorders such as tumors, peptic ulcers, etc.

Other causes

  • Consumption of non-vegetarian food
  • Too much stress
  • Less sleep
  • Consistent smoking
  • Lack of exercise
  • Overconsumption of alcohol

You are more prone to acidity if you have medical disorders like diabetes, asthma, or connective tissue disorder. Acidity might also be a concern if you're overweight, pregnant or approaching menopause.


Acidity Symptoms

Acidity signs and symptoms

Acidity symptoms are different in different people. While the most common acidity symptoms are chest pain and burning feeling under the breastbone; there are some other not-so-common symptoms as well.


Acidity symptoms include:

  • Burning feeling and pain in your stomach
  • Pain in your throat along with a burning sensation
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Continuous burping or hiccups for no reason
  • Regurgitation: bitter-taste acid that moves back up into your throat and mouth
  • Heaviness after meals
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • Restlessness
  • Bad breath

Acidity Treatment

When you visit your doctor, they will determine whether your symptoms are acidity or some other problem. Based on your condition and the level of your acidity problem: Your doctor will prescribe an antacid that contains calcium, aluminium or magnesium.


Your doctor might recommend histamine blocking agents such as cimetidine, nizatidine, and ranitidine.


If your acidity condition is severe, your doctor might prescribe proton pump inhibitors. Also, your doctor will suggest to you some dietary and lifestyle tips that can be helpful for acidity.

Home Remedies for Acidity

Acidity is a common problem that many suffer from at least once in their life. Most of us usually want home remedies over medications.


Some of the home remedies for acidity include the following:

  • Coconut water can soothe your stomach and your digestive system. Take at least 2 glasses per day.
  • Watermelon juice is a great counter to acidity. You can drink a glass of watermelon juice with your breakfast.
  • One glass of buttermilk after eating spicy food can help reduce uneasiness. Buttermilk contains lactic acid that normalizes the acidity in your stomach.
  • You can either chew on a few basil leaves or boil them in water and drink.
  • Drink a glass of lukewarm water after your meals.
  • Add banana yogurt and cucumber to your diet. They can give quick relief from acidity.
  • Sucking on a piece of clove can help to reduce acidity symptoms.
  • Drink at least 2 liters of water every day.

Lifestyle habits can also add to your acidity problems. So, adopt these tips into your life:

  • Losing weight
  • Eat healthy food
  • Maintaining regular eating times, end your dinner 2-3 hours before bedtime
  • Have small regular meals
  • Follow a low-carb diet
  • Avoid food that leads to acidities such as citrus juice and raw onion
  • Avoiding carbonated drinks and caffeine
  • Avoid sleeping on your right side, when facing acidity
  • Reduce or eliminate smoking and alcohol
  • Keeping yourself physically active
  • Start stress-relieving exercises
  • Avoid medications that cause acidity

When the symptoms are mild, these home remedies can help in relieving the discomfort caused by acidity. You can also control acidity with a few lifestyle changes. But if your symptoms are severe, you might require immediate medical care.


Acidity is not a severe condition. However, chronic acidity can cause health problems that can damage your oesophagus.


Relevant Questions

Q. How does non-vegetarian food cause acidity?

Yes, non-vegetarian food causes acidity or may lead to acid peptic disease. If you are experiencing so, then take less spicy and less oily food. You can have chicken and eggs but should avoid them being cooked in a fried oily manner.

Read more

Q. My grandfather was diagnosed with GERD, how can he be treated?

GERD is a digestive disorder that affects the ring of muscle between your oesophagus & your stomach. This can usually be controlled with medication. If you wish to avoid long-term medication then we recommend: Fundoplication. Plan a consultation with Dr Samrat Jankar, our expert gastroenterologist. He will provide the best possible & effective treatment for this. 

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Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer, a term that combines colon cancer with rectal cancer, which starts in the rectum. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of colon cancer:

  • A change in your bowel habits, such as diarrhoea or constipation, or a change in the consistency of your stool, that persists.
  • Blood in your stool or rectal bleeding.
  • Consistent stomach pain, such as cramps or gas.
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness or exhaustion.
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Q. What is colonoscopy and how does it help in treating colon cancer?

A colonoscopy is a procedure in which doctor examines the inside of your large intestine to seek for the cause of symptoms such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding or changes in bowel habits.


To check the inside of the colon, doctor will insert a long, flexible tube with a camera on one end into the rectum. A particular diet may be required for 24-48 hours before to the surgery. In a process called as bowel prep, the colon will also need to be cleaned using strong laxatives.


If polyps are discovered in the colon, they will be removed by a surgeon and referred for biopsy. A pathologist examines the polyps under a microscope for malignant or precancerous cells during a biopsy.

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Q. Can i know about bariatric surgery and the criteria on meeting which i will qualify for this surgery?

To be eligible for bariatric surgery, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or have a BMI between 35 and 40.
  • An obesity-related condition, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure or severe sleep apnea.
  • Weigh less than 450 pounds, the maximum weight that hospital radiology equipment can accommodate. If you need to lose weight to meet this requirement, a nutritionist is available to help.
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