How can overall gut health affect your physical & mental health?

Gut health, eating habits, and habits are all linked to the brain. The reason for this is that the gastrointestinal tract and the brain are intertwined. Read on to view the full details...

Dr. Samrat Jankar Created on 16th Oct, 21

Gut health refers to the physical state of the gastrointestinal tract and how it functions in various ways. The GI tract plays a variety of roles and has a variety of effects on the human body. 


There is a link between the gastrointestinal tract and immunity and emotional stress and chronic disease. Furthermore, the environment, food, and other behavioural patterns can influence gut health. 


Let's look at how gut health affects mental health and how gut health influences anxiety and depression: 


Experts in gut health know the link between gut health and the brain and other body parts. Experts go into great detail about gut health, from gut-wrenching pain to nausea, and how these feelings can cause symptoms in the gut. Emotions like depression, anger, and anxiety affect the gastrointestinal tract. 

Gut health, eating habits, and habits are all linked to the brain. The reason for this is that the gastrointestinal tract and the brain are intertwined. The stomach and intestine receive commands from the brain. For example, just thinking about eating causes the stomach to secrete juices before the food arrives. 


A troubled brain can send signals to the stomach in the same way that an uneasy stomach can send a password to the brain to react to the same situation. As a result, depression, stress, and anxiety can cause gut or stomach health problems.


Gut bacteria is essential for a person's physical and mental well-being. They can help alleviate some symptoms of anxiety and depression, but they can also exacerbate them. The gut microbiome is an ecosystem made up of trillions of bacteria cells that live in the colon. It allows nutrients to enter the body, and the activities can have an impact on the brain. 


When you're stressed, the health of your gut microbes affects your body. Your overall mood may be affected if there is an imbalance. The microbiome should be diverse, and this diversity aids our bodies in maintaining a healthy balance. As a result of the imbalance, opportunistic microbes (Dysbiosis) will multiply, causing inflammation. 


This inflammation has the potential to cause depression. These gut-bacterial health effects may influence the immune system. The microbiome must be diverse to prevent inflammation and restore gut health side effects. Diet is one way to provide the body with appropriate gut health enzymes while also increasing the diversity of microbes.




The human body has good bacteria that aid digestion and maintain physical and mental health. An imbalance between these bacteria can cause bodily diseases such as:

  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn's disease 
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Some bacteria in your gut can cause a chemical reaction in your liver that results in the formation of TMAO (Trimethylamine-N-oxide). It has the potential to generate high cholesterol levels in your blood vessels. Many cases of TMAO can lead to chronic kidney disease. In such cases, you require immediate medical attention. 


A TAMO overabundance can even cause heart disease. This chemical has the potential to clog your arteries, raising your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Bacteria in the liver form a chemical reaction when you eat foods like eggs and red meat.


The gut microbiome is critical for good HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Lactobacilli, in particular, helps to lower cholesterol when taken as a probiotic. The gut microbiome also keeps an eye on blood sugar levels and aids in their management.


How can the gut microbiome be altered?

The gut microbiome has been present in your body since birth. Your surroundings and eating habits influence it. Experts believe that changing your eating habits and location can cause a shift in your microbiome.


Some foods that can help you change it include:


probiotics are beneficial bacteria found in various foods and are already present in your body. They can act as an additional source of good bacteria in your intestines, helping to keep everything in check. It strengthens your immune system and may improve your digestive health. Probiotics are not all created equal, and their effectiveness varies depending on who uses them.



Prebiotics are probiotics that are present in certain foods. It boosts the growth of beneficial bacteria in your gut and helps your body maintain calcium levels. They are present in both vegetables and fruits. It consists of:

  • Bananas
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Leeks
  • Artichokes, no. 5
  • Asparagus
  • Soybeans

They are present in foods that contain whole wheat.



Probiotics promote the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut. These probiotics last longer when you supplement them with prebiotics. As a result, a symbiotic relationship exists between the two. 


The goal is to ensure that the probiotics remain active for a more extended period. Incorporating both a probiotic and a prebiotic into one's diet can be done in various ways, such as stir-frying asparagus with tempeh.


It is critical to take complete care of your gut health. It can aid in the maintenance of excellent physical and mental health. 



Relevant Questions

Q. What is colonoscopy and how does it help in treating colon cancer?

A colonoscopy is a procedure in which doctor examines the inside of your large intestine to seek for the cause of symptoms such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding or changes in bowel habits.


To check the inside of the colon, doctor will insert a long, flexible tube with a camera on one end into the rectum. A particular diet may be required for 24-48 hours before to the surgery. In a process called as bowel prep, the colon will also need to be cleaned using strong laxatives.


If polyps are discovered in the colon, they will be removed by a surgeon and referred for biopsy. A pathologist examines the polyps under a microscope for malignant or precancerous cells during a biopsy.

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Q. Can i know about bariatric surgery and the criteria on meeting which i will qualify for this surgery?

To be eligible for bariatric surgery, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or have a BMI between 35 and 40.
  • An obesity-related condition, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure or severe sleep apnea.
  • Weigh less than 450 pounds, the maximum weight that hospital radiology equipment can accommodate. If you need to lose weight to meet this requirement, a nutritionist is available to help.
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Q. What are the symptoms of colon cancer?

Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer, a term that combines colon cancer with rectal cancer, which starts in the rectum. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of colon cancer:

  • A change in your bowel habits, such as diarrhoea or constipation, or a change in the consistency of your stool, that persists.
  • Blood in your stool or rectal bleeding.
  • Consistent stomach pain, such as cramps or gas.
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness or exhaustion.
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Q. What are the symptoms of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Acid reflux is the most common symptom of GERD. Acid reflux can produce a burning sensation in your chest that spreads up into your neck and throat. Heartburn is a common name for this sensation.


You may get a sour or bitter taste in the back of your mouth if you have acid reflux. It may also cause food or liquid to regurgitate from your stomach into your mouth. Some other symptoms of GERD include:

  • Nausea & Chest pain
  • Pain when swallowing or may be difficulty in swallowing
  • Chronic cough
  • a hoarse voice
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Q. What is incarcerated hernia?

A section of the intestine or abdominal tissue that becomes trapped in the sac of a hernia—the bulge of soft tissue that pushes through a weak place in the abdominal wall—is known as an incarcerated hernia. Stool may not be able to pass through the intestine if a section of it is trapped.


Incarcerated inguinal hernias usually cause swelling in the groin region, and some may show redness. If bowel obstruction has occurred, some additional symptoms may include sudden onset of pain, lack of appetite, irritability, and nausea or vomiting.

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