Common Causes and Treatments for Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Adolescents

Gastrointestinal bleeding is a sign of sickness rather than a disease itself. The reason for bleeding could be a treatable disease or a symptom of something more severe.

Dr. Samrat Jankar Created on 18th Dec, 21

Parenting is a journey where you will experience things you were not expecting, particularly when your child is ill. When a child has blood in their stool or vomit, this is known as gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, and it is one of the most frightening circumstances for parents.

GI bleeding affects about six out of every 100 adolescents. The causes can range from relatively minor conditions like swallowing blood after a nosebleed to more severe disorders like GI ulcers.

 

Gastrointestinal bleeding, if left untreated, can result in anaemia, shock, and even death in the most severe cases. That’s why it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately and discuss your child's symptoms with them in order to determine when and why the bleeding began.

 

Dr. Samrat Jankar, an experienced gastroenterologist in Pune, is an expert in treating gastrointestinal bleeding in adolescents and helps them feel better faster.

 

Book an appointment with him for precise and advanced gastric treatment in Pune.

 

Symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding

Gastrointestinal bleeding is a sign of sickness rather than a disease itself. The reason for bleeding could be a treatable disease or a symptom of something more severe.

 

The symptoms you experience depend on where the bleeding occurs in your digestive tract and whether it is acute or chronic. Visit Dr Samrat Jankar, a famous gastroenterologist in Pune, if your child suffers from these symptoms:

  • Bright red vomit
  • Stools that are dark brown, black, or red
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Paleness
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhoea
  • Shortness of breath

The following symptoms need immediate attention, so contact the doctor ASAP:

  • Light-headedness
  • High fever
  • Inconsolable crying
  • Dehydration (decreased urine output, weeping without tears)
  • Unresponsiveness 
  • Constant bleeding from the anus or mouth

Causes of gastrointestinal bleeding

Causes of gastrointestinal bleeding

The gastrointestinal tract consists of the oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. The causes depend on where the GI bleeding occurs in the digestive system. 

 

Upper GI bleeding:

  • Esophagitis due to GERD
  • Varices
  • Tears near the inner lining of the esophagus
  • Peptic ulcers 
  • Cancers 

Lower GI bleeding :

  • Benign or cancerous tumors
  • Diverticular disease
  • Polyps
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Anal fissures
  • Hemorrhoids

Dr Samrat Jankar, a surgical gastroenterologist in Pune, is known for his accurate diagnosis and advanced treatment options. He has successfully treated hundreds of cases of gastrointestinal bleeding in adolescents.

 

Treatment options for GI bleeding

The gastrointestinal bleeding normally ceases on its own. If not, the treatment will be determined by the location and origin of the bleed. 

In some instances, drugs or preventive measures are used to stop bleeding while performing the tests.

 

An upper endoscopy, for example, might sometimes be used to treat a bleeding peptic ulcer or to remove polyps during a colonoscopy. An IV medicine known as a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) can reduce stomach acid production in the case of an upper G.I. bleed, which helps control the situation and give the doctor some extra time. 

 

Once the cause has been identified, the doctor will decide on the next steps and whether or not they should continue the proton pump inhibitor.

Further, the doctor will determine whether fluids should be delivered by IV or not based on the quantity of bleeding that has occurred or is occurring.

 

In some circumstances, the patient may require a blood transfusion. 

If the patient uses blood thinners, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or aspirin, they should discontinue taking them immediately.

 

In case of a peptic ulcer, the healthcare professional may prescribe medicines and suggest a change in lifestyle and diet. Surgical intervention may be required, especially if a tumour or polyps cause the bleeding or endoscopic treatment fails.

 

Dr. Samrat Jankar is the most preferred surgical gastroenterologist in Pune for his expertise in all surgical modalities, including minimally invasive surgery. He specializes in colonoscopies and upper GI endoscopies. 

 

Schedule an appointment with him for all gastric-related issues. He is the Head of Department for Minimally Invasive Surgery and Surgical Gastroenterology at Symbiosis University Hospital and Research Centre, Lavale, Pune. 

 

In the event of severe gastrointestinal bleeding in adolescents, rush them to the hospital's EMERGENCY department without delay, as it could be a matter of life and death.

 

 

Relevant Questions

Q. Can i know about bariatric surgery and the criteria on meeting which i will qualify for this surgery?

To be eligible for bariatric surgery, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or have a BMI between 35 and 40.
  • An obesity-related condition, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure or severe sleep apnea.
  • Weigh less than 450 pounds, the maximum weight that hospital radiology equipment can accommodate. If you need to lose weight to meet this requirement, a nutritionist is available to help.
Read more

Q. What is colonoscopy and how does it help in treating colon cancer?

A colonoscopy is a procedure in which doctor examines the inside of your large intestine to seek for the cause of symptoms such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding or changes in bowel habits.

 

To check the inside of the colon, doctor will insert a long, flexible tube with a camera on one end into the rectum. A particular diet may be required for 24-48 hours before to the surgery. In a process called as bowel prep, the colon will also need to be cleaned using strong laxatives.

 

If polyps are discovered in the colon, they will be removed by a surgeon and referred for biopsy. A pathologist examines the polyps under a microscope for malignant or precancerous cells during a biopsy.

Read more

Q. What is incarcerated hernia?

A section of the intestine or abdominal tissue that becomes trapped in the sac of a hernia—the bulge of soft tissue that pushes through a weak place in the abdominal wall—is known as an incarcerated hernia. Stool may not be able to pass through the intestine if a section of it is trapped.

 

Incarcerated inguinal hernias usually cause swelling in the groin region, and some may show redness. If bowel obstruction has occurred, some additional symptoms may include sudden onset of pain, lack of appetite, irritability, and nausea or vomiting.

Read more

Q. What are the symptoms of colon cancer?

Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer, a term that combines colon cancer with rectal cancer, which starts in the rectum. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of colon cancer:

  • A change in your bowel habits, such as diarrhoea or constipation, or a change in the consistency of your stool, that persists.
  • Blood in your stool or rectal bleeding.
  • Consistent stomach pain, such as cramps or gas.
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness or exhaustion.
Read more

Q. How does non-vegetarian food cause acidity?

Yes, non-vegetarian food causes acidity or may lead to acid peptic disease. If you are experiencing so, then take less spicy and less oily food. You can have chicken and eggs but should avoid them being cooked in a fried oily manner.

Read more

Book an Appointment

Enter details,our team would approach to help you as soon as possible.

Phone icon
Call Now