Dr. Samrat Jankar explains why and how colonoscopy is necessary?

Colonoscopy is suggested for patients 50 years old and more as there is always a risk of developing colon cancer. Read on to view the full details...

Dr. Samrat Jankar Created on 3rd Nov, 21

Dr. Samrat Jankar, one of the best gastroenterologists in Pune throws light on colonoscopy procedures. Colonoscopy is done to inspect the rectum and the colon for ulcers, polyps, cancer and also irritated and swollen tissues.

Dr. Jankar, gastrointestinal surgeon in Pune states colonoscopy is recommended if the patient complains of abdominal pain, diarrhea or other changes in the bowel activity, and unexplained weight loss. In addition, colonoscopy is a screening test for colon cancer and polyps, which, if detected at an early stage, mean better chances of recovery.

 

Colonoscopy is suggested for patients 50 years old and more as there is always a risk of developing colon cancer. The factors that increase the risk of colon cancer are family history of cancer or colorectal polyps, male gender, suffering from ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease or any other inflammatory bowel disease, overweight, cigarette smoking, or Lynch syndrome NIH external link or any other genetic disorder.

 

Patients below the age of 50 but with these symptoms need to undergo a colonoscopy, while those above 75 should seek a doctor’s opinion before going ahead.

 

Preparation for a Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy exam
Image Credit : https://www.mayoclinic.org/

If necessary, the doctor will recommend a colonoscopy and guide you on how to prepare for it. 

 

The doctor will suggest changes in the diet and suggest cleaning of bowels before the test, while it is essential to have a companion to drive you home.

 

Brief the doctor about persistent health issues and the medicines consumed, including vitamins, supplements, over-the-counter medicines, and other condition-related medicines.   

 

The laparoscopic surgeon in Pune will offer instructions to clean and prepare your bowel for colonoscopy. There must be very little stool or no stool in the intestine. You should be able to pass clear and liquid stool before the test. Any stool remaining in your intestine will hamper in the procedure, and the doctor will be unable to clearly see the lining of the intestine.

 

Doctors advise patients to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before the scheduled procedure—no consumption of red or purple coloured drinks or gelatin. Also, instructions are provided with regards to beginning and stopping the clear liquid diet.

 

Drinks permitted include

  • Fat-free soup
  • Coffee or tea without milk or cream
  • Strained juices of Lemon, lime, or apple
  • Sports drinks
  • Plain coffee or tea, without cream or milk
  • Water

Cleaning of bowels is suggested as follows -

The patient is supposed to take laxatives either in the form of pills or powders is prescribed that have to be swallowed or dissolved in plenty of water This water is consumed in large quantities in a specific period which is usually night time i.e., before the morning of the scheduled procedure. If necessary, enema is also prescribed. 

 

The patient will have to visit the washroom frequently, which could be tiring. But it is essential to complete the bowel cleaning process. Also, the doctor needs to be informed about the time since that patient consumed food substances orally. 

 

The patient will be unable to drive a vehicle 24 hours after the colonoscopy procedure, so arrangements will have to be made accordingly.  

 

The colonoscopy procedure

Colonoscopy is a short-term procedure that lasts up to 20 minutes maximum. It is performed in a hospital or as an outpatient department. The patient will receive sedatives, anaesthesia, or pain medication through an IV for a pain-free experience. The nursing staff will monitor the vital signs of the patient. 

 

The procedure begins with the doctor inserting the colonoscopy through the anus, rectum, and colon. The scope will then inflate the large intestine with air enabling the doctor to get a good view. 

 

Also, the doctor will be able to view for better examination of the intestine. As required, the doctor will request the patient to move for better viewing. Through this procedure, the doctor can view the small intestine too.  

 

Polyps are removed if present for further testing. Most colon polyps are harmless, but it is essential to check them since they indicate colon cancer. Abnormal tissue is located, is also removed for biopsy purposes.

 

Dr. Samrat Jankar, a gastroenterologist in Pune is an expert in performing colonoscopy.

 

After Colonoscopy

  • It takes almost an hour for the anaesthesia to wear off. Therefore, the patient will stay at the hospital for an hour or so after the procedure.
  • The patient may feel cramps, abdominal bloating too.
  • The patient can leave the hospital with an attendant.
  • The patient will feel regular 24 hours after the procedure.
  • The patient can resume a normal diet a day after the procedure.
  • There may be bleeding in case the polyps are removed, or a biopsy is performed. The biopsy test results will take some days.

Risks associated with colonoscopy include

  • Bleeding
  • Perforation in the colon
  • Breathing or heart problems due to the use of anaesthesia
  • Abdominal pain
  • The bleeding of the colon may last for a couple of weeks while the tear is treated through surgery.

 

 

Relevant Questions

Q. What are the symptoms of colon cancer?

Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer, a term that combines colon cancer with rectal cancer, which starts in the rectum. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of colon cancer:

  • A change in your bowel habits, such as diarrhoea or constipation, or a change in the consistency of your stool, that persists.
  • Blood in your stool or rectal bleeding.
  • Consistent stomach pain, such as cramps or gas.
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness or exhaustion.
Read more

Q. Can i know about bariatric surgery and the criteria on meeting which i will qualify for this surgery?

To be eligible for bariatric surgery, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or have a BMI between 35 and 40.
  • An obesity-related condition, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure or severe sleep apnea.
  • Weigh less than 450 pounds, the maximum weight that hospital radiology equipment can accommodate. If you need to lose weight to meet this requirement, a nutritionist is available to help.
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Q. What is colonoscopy and how does it help in treating colon cancer?

A colonoscopy is a procedure in which doctor examines the inside of your large intestine to seek for the cause of symptoms such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding or changes in bowel habits.

 

To check the inside of the colon, doctor will insert a long, flexible tube with a camera on one end into the rectum. A particular diet may be required for 24-48 hours before to the surgery. In a process called as bowel prep, the colon will also need to be cleaned using strong laxatives.

 

If polyps are discovered in the colon, they will be removed by a surgeon and referred for biopsy. A pathologist examines the polyps under a microscope for malignant or precancerous cells during a biopsy.

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Q. What are the symptoms of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Acid reflux is the most common symptom of GERD. Acid reflux can produce a burning sensation in your chest that spreads up into your neck and throat. Heartburn is a common name for this sensation.

 

You may get a sour or bitter taste in the back of your mouth if you have acid reflux. It may also cause food or liquid to regurgitate from your stomach into your mouth. Some other symptoms of GERD include:

  • Nausea & Chest pain
  • Pain when swallowing or may be difficulty in swallowing
  • Chronic cough
  • a hoarse voice
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Q. What is incarcerated hernia?

A section of the intestine or abdominal tissue that becomes trapped in the sac of a hernia—the bulge of soft tissue that pushes through a weak place in the abdominal wall—is known as an incarcerated hernia. Stool may not be able to pass through the intestine if a section of it is trapped.

 

Incarcerated inguinal hernias usually cause swelling in the groin region, and some may show redness. If bowel obstruction has occurred, some additional symptoms may include sudden onset of pain, lack of appetite, irritability, and nausea or vomiting.

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